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使用BoringSSL 编译不支持 OCSP Stapling。

安装依赖

apt update
apt install build-essential ca-certificates zlib1g-dev libpcre3 libpcre3-dev tar unzip libssl-dev wget curl git cmake ninja-build mercurial libunwind-dev pkg-config libjemalloc-dev

编译 QuicTLS

选择一个你喜欢的位置存放源代码,如 /usr/local/src/ ,/tmp 等

# cd /usr/local/src/
wget https://github.com/quictls/openssl/archive/refs/tags/openssl-3.1.5-quic1.tar.gz
tar -xzf openssl-3.1.5-quic1.tar.gz 
cd openssl-openssl-3.1.5-quic1
./config --prefix=$(pwd)/build no-shared
make
make install_sw
cd ../

编译brotli 压缩

brotli 由Google的工程师Jyrki Alakuijala和Zoltán Szabadka开发

可以帮我们更高效的压缩网页中的各类文件大小及脚本,从而提高加载速度

不需要请跳过,并在编译nginx时,删除./auto/configure中的--add-module=../ngx_brotli 参数。

# cd /usr/local/src/
git clone --recurse-submodules -j8 https://github.com/google/ngx_brotli
cd ngx_brotli/deps/brotli
mkdir out && cd out
cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release -DBUILD_SHARED_LIBS=OFF -DCMAKE_C_FLAGS="-Ofast -march=native -mtune=native -flto -funroll-loops -ffunction-sections -fdata-sections -Wl,--gc-sections" -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS="-Ofast -march=native -mtune=native -flto -funroll-loops -ffunction-sections -fdata-sections -Wl,--gc-sections" -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=./installed ..
cmake --build . --config Release --target brotlienc
cd ../../../..

编译 Nginx

你需要修改:

–user=www –group=www #程序运行的用户

–prefix= #程序安装的位置,如/usr/local/share

–with #需要的各种模块,包含在nginx源代码中

# cd /usr/local/src/
hg clone https://hg.nginx.org/nginx
cd nginx
./auto/configure --user=www --group=www --prefix=/www/server/nginx --with-pcre  --add-module=/root/ngx_brotli --with-http_v2_module --with-stream --with-stream_ssl_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_gunzip_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_addition_module --with-http_realip_module --with-http_mp4_module --with-ld-opt=-Wl,-E --with-cc-opt=-Wno-error --with-ld-opt=-ljemalloc --with-http_dav_module --with-http_v3_module --with-cc-opt="-I../openssl-openssl-3.1.5-quic1/build/include" --with-ld-opt="-L../openssl-openssl-3.1.5-quic1/build/lib64"
make
make install
# ln -s /www/nginx/sbin/nginx /usr/sbin/nginx

–with-cc-opt 这个选项用于指定传递给 C 编译器(通常是 gcc 或 clang)的额外参数,如需要的头文件。你可以通过这个选项添加优化标志、指定特定的包含路径或定义宏等。这些参数会直接影响编译过程中的代码编译阶段。

–with-ld-opt 与 --with-cc-opt 类似,--with-ld-opt 用于指定在链接阶段传递给链接器的额外参数,如库文件。这包括指定库的链接路径或添加特定的链接选项,这些都是在将编译好的对象文件组合成最终可执行文件或库时使用。

你还可以自定义这些配置

  • –prefix=/usr/local/share/nginx
  • –sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx ,你可以通过设置这个路径将可执行文件安装到/usr/sbin,否则你需要软连接到/usr/sbin,如:ln -s /usr/local/share/nginx /usr/sbin/nginx
  • –conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
  • –http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log
  • –error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log
  • –lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock
  • –pid-path=/run/nginx.pid

添加程序使用的用户

通过源安装的nginx和php默认使用的用户可能是www-data,如果你需要自定义它们使用的用户,需要 注意 文件的权限。

groupadd 
useradd -g www -s /sbin/nologin www

使用 systemd守护进程

创建nginx服务

nano /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service

输入以下内容:

[Unit]
Description=nginx
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
ExecStart=/www/server/nginx/sbin/nginx
ExecReload=/www/server/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload
ExecStop=/www/server/nginx/sbin/nginx -s quit
PrivateTmp=true

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

使用systemd启动程序

systemctl daemon-reload
# 启动nginx
systemctl start nginx
# 开机自启
systemctl enable nginx

修改配置后重启nginx

systemctl reload nginx
# 或者
service nginx reload

脚本:

#!/bin/bash

# Exit on errors
set -e

# Update and install dependencies
apt update
apt install -y build-essential ca-certificates zlib1g-dev libpcre3 libpcre3-dev tar unzip libssl-dev wget curl git cmake ninja-build mercurial libunwind-dev pkg-config libjemalloc-dev

# Remove existing ngx_brotli if present
if [ -d "/usr/local/src/openssl-openssl-3.1.5-quic1" ]; then
    echo "Removing existing openssl-openssl-3.1.5-quic1 installation..."
    rm -rf /usr/local/src/openssl-openssl-3.1.5-quic1
fi

# Compile  QuicTLS
cd /usr/local/src
wget https://github.com/quictls/openssl/archive/refs/tags/openssl-3.1.5-quic1.tar.gz
tar -xzf openssl-3.1.5-quic1.tar.gz 
cd openssl-openssl-3.1.5-quic1
./config --prefix=$(pwd)/build no-shared
make
make install_sw

# Remove existing ngx_brotli if present
if [ -d "/usr/local/src/ngx_brotli" ]; then
    echo "Removing existing ngx_brotli installation..."
    rm -rf /usr/local/src/ngx_brotli
fi

# Install Brotli compression
cd /usr/local/src
git clone --recurse-submodules -j8 https://github.com/google/ngx_brotli
cd ngx_brotli/deps/brotli
mkdir out && cd out
cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release -DBUILD_SHARED_LIBS=OFF -DCMAKE_C_FLAGS="-Ofast -march=native -mtune=native -flto -funroll-loops -ffunction-sections -fdata-sections -Wl,--gc-sections" -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS="-Ofast -march=native -mtune=native -flto -funroll-loops -ffunction-sections -fdata-sections -Wl,--gc-sections" -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=./installed ..
cmake --build . --config Release --target brotlienc

# Remove existing Nginx if present
if [ -d "/usr/local/src/nginx" ]; then
    echo "Removing existing Nginx installation..."
    rm -rf /usr/local/src/nginx
fi

# Clone Nginx and configure with  QuicTLS and Brotli
cd /usr/local/src
hg clone https://hg.nginx.org/nginx
cd nginx
./auto/configure --user=www-data --group=www-data --prefix=/usr/local/share/nginx --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx --pid-path=/run/nginx.pid --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log --with-pcre-jit  --add-module=/usr/local/src/ngx_brotli --with-http_v2_module --with-stream --with-stream_realip_module --with-stream_ssl_module --with-stream_ssl_preread_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_auth_request_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_gunzip_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_addition_module --with-http_realip_module --with-threads --with-http_slice_module --with-http_random_index_module --with-http_secure_link_module --with-http_mp4_module --with-ld-opt=-Wl,-E --with-cc-opt=-Wno-error --with-ld-opt=-ljemalloc --with-http_dav_module --with-http_v3_module  --with-cc-opt="-I../openssl-openssl-3.1.5-quic1/build/include" --with-ld-opt="-L../openssl-openssl-3.1.5-quic1/build/lib64"
make
make install

# Add Nginx user and group
groupadd -f www-data
useradd -g www-data -s /sbin/nologin www-data || true

# Create systemd service file for Nginx
cat <<EOF > /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service
[Unit]
Description=A high performance web server and a reverse proxy server
After=network.target nss-lookup.target

[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/run/nginx.pid
ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/nginx -t -q -g 'daemon on; master_process on;'
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx -g 'daemon on; master_process on;'
ExecReload=/usr/sbin/nginx -g 'daemon on; master_process on;' -s reload
ExecStop=-/sbin/start-stop-daemon --quiet --stop --retry QUIT/5 --pidfile /run/nginx.pid
TimeoutStopSec=5
KillMode=mixed

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

# Reload systemd daemon and enable Nginx service
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable nginx.service

echo "Nginx installed and service created. Use 'systemctl start nginx' to start Nginx."

nginx.conf示例

如果你需要反向代理一些其它东西,可以参考chika

listen 443 quic reuseport; #目前只能有一个虚拟server开启quic reuseport

#user  www-data;
worker_processes  1;

#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}

http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    #brotli on;              #启用brotli
    #brotli_comp_level 6;    #压缩等级,默认6,最高11,太高的压缩水平可能需要更多的CPU
    #brotli_buffers 16 8k;   #请求缓冲区的数量和大小
    #brotli_min_length 20;   #指定压缩数据的最小长度,只有大于或等于最小长度才会对其压缩。这里指定20字节
    #brotli_types text/plain application/javascript application/x-javascript text/javascript text/css application/xml text/html application/json image/svg application/font-woff application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/vnd.apple.mpegurl image/x-icon image/jpeg image/gif image/png image/bmp;   #指定允许进行压缩类型
    #brotli_static on;   #是否允许查找预处理好的、以.br结尾的压缩文件,可选值为on、off、always
    #brotli_window 512k;     #窗口值,默认值为512k


    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;
	

    #gzip  on;
    server {
        # Listen on ipv4
        listen 80 default;
        listen [::]:80;
        # Redirect all insecure http:// requests to https://
        # 重定向
        return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
        # root /www/nginx/html/;
        #return 403;
    }
    # HTTPS server
    # REJECT HANDSHAKE 拒绝没有host名的握手请求
    server {
        listen                  443 ssl default_server;
	http2 on;
        listen                  [::]:443 ssl default_server;
        listen 443 quic reuseport;
        ssl_reject_handshake    on;
        ssl_protocols           TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;
        ssl_session_timeout     10m;
        ssl_session_cache       shared:SSL_cache:10m;
    }

# YOUR server START HERE
    server {
     listen 443 ssl;
#    listen [::]:443 ssl; #可选ipv6
#    listen 443 quic reuseport;
#    listen [::]:443 quic reuseport; 
     http2 on;
     server_name your_domain.tld;  #你的域名
#    add_header Alt-Svc 'h3=":443"; ma=86400';
    #可选倾向的cipher
    #ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
    #ssl_ciphers 'TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384:TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256:TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256';
    
    # QUIC-specific settings 开启QUIC
    #ssl_early_data on;
    #ssl_session_tickets on;
    #quic_retry on;

    #证书位置
    ssl_certificate /path/to/your_domain.tld.cer;
    ssl_certificate_key /path/to/your_domain.tld.key;
    ssl_session_timeout 5m;
    ssl_ciphers EECDH+CHACHA20:EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM:AES256+EECDH;
    ssl_protocols TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
    # HSTS (ngx_http_headers_module is required) (63072000 seconds)
    # 强制https:浏览器收到之后,设定时间内不会尝试使用http连接
    # add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=63072000;
    #或者包含子域名 add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000;includeSubDomains" always;

#    OCSP Stapling
#    ssl_stapling on;
#    ssl_stapling_verify on;
#    ssl_trusted_certificate /path/to/origin_ca_ecc_root.cer;
#    resolver 8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4 valid=300s;
#    resolver_timeout 5s;

    # 如果你使用cloudflare的CDN,可以添加这段,只允许CF访问,否则删除
    allow 127.0.0.1;
    allow 10.0.0.0/20;
    allow 173.245.48.0/20;
    allow 103.21.244.0/22;
    allow 103.22.200.0/22;
    allow 103.31.4.0/22;
    allow 141.101.64.0/18;
    allow 108.162.192.0/18;
    allow 190.93.240.0/20;
    allow 188.114.96.0/20;
    allow 197.234.240.0/22;
    allow 198.41.128.0/17;
    allow 162.158.0.0/15;
    allow 104.16.0.0/13;
    allow 104.24.0.0/14;
    allow 172.64.0.0/13;
    allow 131.0.72.0/22;
    deny all; 
    
    index index.html;
    location / {
            index index.html;
        }
  }

########### HTTP END HERE  #################
}

Reference:

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